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  • Kivanc Cengiz

Ecology and Ecological Architecture

Güncelleme tarihi: 5 Nis 2021

Ecology originates from the combination of the words oikos, meaning "home, close environment" in Ancient Greek, and logia, which means "science". The science of ecology studies the relationships/interactions of living creatures with themselves and their environment. Ecology indicates not only environmental problems but also the need for a balance and harmony between individuals, communities, and all elements of nature.

The development of science has led to the discovery of nature from a different perspective, but a disconnection occurred with the Industrial Revolution and its effects. Because of this disconnection, the contrast between culture and nature became clear. Since the Industrial Revolution, writers and philosophers have approached the world with a respectable perspective and acted with the awareness that sheltering on it is essential. Information about climate change and its causes, concepts such as ecological footprint have brought a new perspective to the use of the Earth and nature.


The concept of ecology has started to be used quite frequently in the field of architecture due to the increase in sensitivity to the damages on nature in recent years. Current conditions cause a serious need to solve the increasing global problems on the environment. Architecture, on the other hand, plays an active and effective role in creating solutions against many economic and environmental problems, while improving the aesthetics of the settlements and the quality of life. In this context, architecture should put forward various strategies that should be taken into consideration to minimize the effects of a settlement or building on the environment and to make it "ecological".


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